There are plenty of ways to study ants and their behavior. You can keep your ants in an ant farm and write your observations on their day to day living in notebook. After awhile, you'll want to take them out to see what type of food they prefer. Put a sugary food at one end of a box and a salty food at the other end. Release a few ants and write down which food the ants went for. Repeat with two new types of foods. Another option is to see if ants prefer one color over another. Make a plain sugar cookie and then one that has been colored with red food coloring. Release the ants to see if they swarm the plain cookie or the colored cookie.